In Africa it is often called Zambezi River Shark or just Zambi. However, shortly afterwards, this ban was amended to cover only 10 species of chondrichthyans. However, the holotype was apparently lost or misplaced in the British Museum of Natural History. The Bull shark is common in coastal areas of warm oceans, in rivers and lakes, both in salt and fresh water. It inhabits the River Hooghly in West Bengal, as well as the rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra, and the Mahanadi.It is amongst the 20 most threatened shark species and is listed as a Critically Endangered species in the IUCN Redlist. The Borneo river shark is known only from the Kinabatangan River. However, only the head of the shark appears in the photo. The Bull shark has traveled a great distance, 2,500 miles, up the Amazon River to Iquitos in Peru, and north Bolivia. Bull shark also swims in freshwater of West Bengal’s Brahmaputra Rivers and Lake Nicaragua. The litter size and gestation period are unknown. Glyphis gangeticus bio-material GN2669, reported in a 2012 paper on DNA sequencing in shark and ray species. [16] However, this is not thought to be for breeding, as the case in anadromous and catadromous species. It closely resembles the Ganges shark, but has more vertebrae (209 versus 169) and fewer teeth (29/29 versus 32–37/31–34). The Ganges shark, Glyphis gangeticus, is listed as a critically endangered species on the IUCN red list.The species is so rare, that after a single sighting in 2006, the species was not seen again until 2016, when it reemerged at a local Mumbai fish market.. Such small sharp teeth are more suitable for fish-impaling and less useful for dismembering tough mammalian prey than the stout teeth of the bull shark. It was also mentioned as the most critically endangered shark species in 2015 on Discovery.com's Shark Week page. They are found to a depth of 150 m, but does not usually swim deeper than 30 m.[3] After gestating for 12 months a bull shark may give birth to 4-10 live young. Captiva Fishing Guide Report: Wednesday, December 2: Bull Shark, Catch & Release, Captain Joe’s Charters – the weather is great, no red tide and a lot of good fish have moved back into the gulf, bay, and passes: redfish, snook, seatrout, and sharks are currently present. Such small sharp teeth are more suitable for fish-impaling and less useful for dismembering tough mammalian prey than the stout teeth of the bull shark. [22], G. gangeticus is one of 20 sharks on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List of endangered shark species. It is known for its aggressive nature, and presence in warm, shallow brackish and freshwater systems including estuaries and rivers. However, two websites list records for G. gangeticus: The Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats website[20] lists one record: The anal fin is slightly smaller than the second dorsal fin and the pectoral fins are broad. Ganges Shark - Glyphis gangeticus The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra … (2009). The Ganges sharks is a critically endangered species of Shark found in the Ganges River and the Brahmaputra River of India. But since little is known about the behaviour of genuine freshwater river sharks, and since the Ganges shark is critically endangered, contact with humans is very rare. The bull shark is common in the coastal areas of warm oceans, in rivers and lakes, and in both salt and fresh water. [3], Its eyes are minute, suggesting that it may be adapted to turbid water with poor visibility, such as occurs in the Ganges River and the Bay of Bengal. Originally, the species was assigned a wide range in the Indo-West Pacific, but this was found to be mostly based on other species of requiem sharks, particularly members of the genus Carcharhinus. Because of its rarity, the Ganges shark is not often heard of outside India, though it was mentioned briefly in an episode of Shark Week focusing on its relative, the bull shark. [23] It is also believed to be part of the Asian shark fin trade. The mouth is long, broad, and extends back and up towards the eyes. Their feeding habits are mostly unknown. [4], G. gangeticus is a little-known species that is yet to be adequately described. The bull shark is well known for its unpredictable, often aggressive behavior. The bull shark can thrive in both saltwater and freshwater and can travel far up rivers. Animals potentially impacted include the endangered Irrawaddy dolphin and the critically endangered Ganges shark. Originally the species was assigned a wide range in the Indo-West Pacific, but this was found to be mostly based on other species of requiem sharks, particularly members of the genus Carcharhinus. A specimen photographed in 2011 by natural history journalist Malaka Rodrigo at Negombo fish market in Sri Lanka prompted researcher Rex de Silva to speculate on whether the species could occasionally be carried south of its normal range by ocean currents. The bull shark is common in the coastal areas of warm oceans, in rivers and lakes, and in both salt and fresh water. This makes them even more vulnerable to becoming extinct, as they are unable to adapt to the rapid and extreme changes caused by humans to their environment.[6]. However, two websites list records for Ganges sharks: The Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats website lists one record: G. gangeticus is a little-known species that is yet to be adequately described. The shark is endemic to India. They have recently been reclassified as G. gangeticus based on genetic studies, and their scientific names are treated as synonyms. The shark is endemic to India. It is also believed to be part of the Asian shark fin trade, though this is uncertain. Unlike bull sharks, which need to migrate to salt water to reproduce, species in the genus Glyphis are true river sharks. A specimen collected 84 km upstream of the mouth of the Hooghly River at Mahishadal in 2001 was identified as G. gangeticus but on photographs of the jaw only. However, the holotype was apparently lost or misplaced in the British Museum of Natural History. It is often confused with the more common bull shark, which also inhabits the Ganges River Overfishing, habitat degradation from pollution, increasing river use, and management, including construction of dams and barrages, are the principal threats. The lower front teeth have long, hooked, protruding cusps with unserrated cutting edges along the entire cusp, but without spearlike tips and with low cusplets on feet of crowns. The young are about 70 cm (28 in) at birth and take 10 years to reach maturity. Ganges sharks can be identified by the first few lower front teeth, which have cutting edges along entire cusp, giving the cusps a clawlike shape, and low cusplets. These, including G. gangeticus, are protected under Schedule I, Part II A of the Wildlife Protection Act of India. If Carcharias murrayi (Günter, 1887) can be considered a junior synonym of this species, one was found near Karachi, Pakistan.
However, unlike the bull shark, the Ganges shark has two spineless dorsal fins (with the second being half the length of the first), an anal fin, and a broad, rounded snout that is significantly shorter than the width of the mouth. Ganges Shark - A freshwater shark found in the Ganges River (duh) and the Brahmaputra River. [10] If Carcharias murrayi (Günter, 1887) can be considered a junior synonym of this species, one was found near Karachi, Pakistan. [9] The size at birth or maturity is unknown for any other Glyphis species. In Africa it is often called Zambezi River Shark or just Zambi. [12] One found in 2018 in a Mumbai fish market may have come from somewhere along the banks of the Arabian Sea. Boeseman (1964) noted that "most of the recorded C. gyngeticus from outside the Indo-Pakistan Peninsula (excepting those from Japan and possibly, from Viti-Levu, Fiji Islands), are identical with C. leucas Müller and Henle. Wider ranges assigned, including marine areas, are likely based on other requiem shark species, such as the Bull Shark. This makes them even more vulnerable to becoming extinct, as they are unable to adapt to the rapid and extreme changes caused by humans to their environment. Ganges shark. As such, it is known by various names in the region: A Found in: Indian Ocean, Mississippi River, Brahmaputra River, More. The Ganges Shark is known only from the lower parts of the Ganges-Hooghli river system, West Bengal, India; it is endemic to India [1, 4, 5]. Goonch is a monster catfish and man-sized killer catfish found in the Kali … Due to the Bull shark’s ability to live in both … [24], In 2001, the Indian government banned the landing of all species of chondrichthyan fish in its ports. Bull sharks are large and stout, with females being larger than males. The males of this species can reach 2.1 m … Leading shark expert Leonard Compagno emphasised the need to check the dentition and the dorsal fin proportions to confirm the specimen as G. gangeticus, stating that it could also be one of the four other named species.
However, unlike the bull shark, the Ganges shark has two spineless dorsal fins (with the second being half the length of the first), an anal fin, and a broad, rounded snout that is significantly shorter than the width of the mouth. The feeding habits of this requiem shark are mostly unknown. Ganges Shark and common bull shark are freshwater river systems requiem shark commonly found worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers. [3], Glyphis species, like other sharks, exhibit a very slow rate of genetic change. [3] In India, the bull shark may be confused with the Sundarbans or Ganges shark.In Africa it is also commonly called the Zambezi River shark or just Zambi. Others suggest that the Bull shark even lives in freshwater Lake Nicaragua, in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers of West Bengal, and Assam in Eastern India and adjoining Bangladesh. It is often confused with the more common bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. It also eats human corpses that the local population float on the river. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. The bull shark is well known for its unpredictable, often aggressive behavior. Its snout is broadly rounded and much shorter than the width of its mouth. Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF): https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ganges_shark&oldid=984676971, IUCN Red List critically endangered species, Taxa named by Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 12:59. G. gangeticus has much narrower, higher, upper teeth and slender-cusped, less heavily built lower teeth than C. leucas. Chondrichthyes Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. ... India, Australia, and Vietnam. Formerly the Borneo river shark (Glyphis fowlerae) and the Irrawaddy river shark (Glyphis siamensis) were considered to represent two other species in the genus Glyphus. Part 2 - Carcharhiniformes", "Rare River Shark Species Not Seen In A Decade Found On Sale In A Fish Market", 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2009-2.RLTS.T161611A5464198.en, "Occupational health issues in marine freshwater research". Others suggest that the Bull shark even lives in freshwater Lake Nicaragua, in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers of West Bengal, and Assam in Eastern India and adjoining Bangladesh. The bull shark is common in the coastal areas of warm oceans, in rivers and lakes, and occasionally streams if they are deep enough in both salt and fresh water. The genus contains a total of three known species, down from a total of six due to the Borneo river shark and Irrawaddy Rivershark being revealed to be synonymous with the Ganges Shark. The mouth is long, broad, and extends back and up towards the eyes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. Unlike bull sharks, which need to migrate to salt water to reproduce, species in the genus Glyphis are true river sharks. Some researchers consider Ganges sharks to be amphidromous, covering more than 100 km in both directions. The bull shark can thrive in both saltwater and freshwater and can travel far up rivers. An extensive 10-year search produced only a few specimens, caught in 1996 in the Ganges River. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. The Grey nurse shark was also blamed during the sixties and seventies. Distribution. Etymology. Since little is known about the behaviour of genuine freshwater river sharks, and since G. gangeticus is critically endangered, contact with humans is very rare. While many confuse this species with bull sharks (that often come to Ganga and then return back to salt water for reproducing), the Ganges shark lives and reproduces in Ganga. Bull shark actively feeds on stingrays, sea urchins, turtles , sea cucumbers, krill, dolphins, lobsters, crabs , small bony fish and birds. Broadfin shark. [9], Most literature records and specimens labelled as this species are in fact bull sharks (Carcharhinus leucas) or other carcharhinid species. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. It is often confused with the more common bull shark, which also inhabits the Ganges River In theory, G. gangeticus could occur in shallow marine estuaries; however there are no verified marine records of the species to date, though the discoveries of it being present in such areas as Borneo and the Irrawaddy Rivers may indicate it otherwise can occur there. [10] This is likely because bull sharks are known to travel long distances into freshwater systems and may co-exist in the same waters as the Ganges shark. As only a few specimens exist, naturally there is little material available for genetic sampling. The biological differences between the Ganges shark and bull shark also point to a lower likelihood of attacks on humans by the Ganges shark. Appearance. No records exist between 1867 until 1996, and the 1996 records have not been confirmed as G. gangeticus. What Do Bull Sharks Eat? According to many experts, bull sharks are one of the most dangerous sharks in the world. Glyphis species, like other sharks, exhibit a very slow rate of genetic change. Animals potentially impacted include the endangered Irrawaddy dolphin and the critically endangered Ganges shark. [11], A specimen photographed in 2011 by natural history journalist Malaka Rodrigo at Negombo fish market in Sri Lanka prompted researcher Rex de Silva to speculate on whether the species could occasionally be carried south of its normal range by ocean currents. [19] No records exist between 1867 and 1996, and the 1996 records have not been confirmed as G. gangeticus. The Borneo river shark is known only from the Kinabatangan River. More about bull shark attack. A longitudinal upper precaudal pit is seen, but no interdorsal ridge. Ganges Shark and common bull shark are freshwater river systems requiem shark commonly found worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers. [6][7], A possibly undescribed species of Glyphis is known from Mukah in Borneo, as well as Bangladesh. The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), also known as the Zambezi shark or, unofficially, as Zambi in Africa, River whaler in Australia and Nicaragua shark in Nicaragua, is a requiem shark commonly found worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers. There is a widespread, albeit widely dispersed, artisanal fishery for both local consumption and international trade. The bull shark is a requiem shark commonly found worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers. It is amongst the 20 most threatened shark species and is listed as a Critically Endangered species in the IUCN Redlist. Thought to be consumed locally for its meat, the Ganges shark is caught by gillnet and its oil, along with that of the Ganges and Indus river dolphins, is highly sought after as a fish attractant. After Hurricane Katrina hit in 2005, a large number of bull sharks have been sighted in Lake Ponchartrain. Compagno (1997) recommends an in-depth survey of fishing camps and landing sites, along with a sampling program in the Ganges system to determine the current status of this shark along with other gangetic elasmobranchs such as stingrays and sawfish. The Ganges shark, often mistaken for the more common bull shark, is a critically endangered shark species. There is a longitudinal upper precaudal pit, but no interdorsal ridge. The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), also known as the "Zambezi shark" (informally "zambi") in Africa, and "Lake Nicaragua shark" in Nicaragua, is a requiem shark commonly found worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers. The litter size and gestation period are unknown. It is uniformly grey to brownish in color, with no discernible markings. Expeditions in 2010 and 2011 failed to find any, and while fishermen recognised the shark, they have not been seen for many years. Some of their favorite rivers include the Brisbane River, Amazon River, Ganges River, Brahmaputra River, Potomac River and the Mississippi River. The bull shark, ''Carcharhinus leucas'', also known as Zambezi shark or unofficially known as Zambi in Africa and Nicaragua shark in Nicaragua, is a shark common worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers. The Ganges shark is one of 20 sharks on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources Red List of endangered shark species. This is because they're an aggressive species of shark, and they tend to hunt in waters where people often swim: along tropical shorelines. There is an urgent need for a detailed survey of the shark fisheries of the Bay of Bengal. (EN). It is found to a depth of 150 m, but does not usually swim deeper than 30 m. They are found in many major rivers, including the Ganges, the Brahmaputra and the Mississippi. The first dorsal fin originates over the last third of the pectoral fins, with a free rear tip that is well in front of the pelvic fins. However, only the head of the shark appears in the photo. In India bull sharks swim up the Ganges River and have attacked people. Scientific name: Carcharhinus leucas. Also, a second dorsal fin that is about half the height of first dorsal is distinct to this species. Only 13 specimens are known to science, all collected in 1996. In India, the bull shark may be confused with the Sundarbans or Ganges shark. The bull shark, also known as the Zambezi shark is native to Africa and Nicaragua. Redfish & snook are regulated as catch & release at this time. A typical requiem shark in its external appearance, it is stocky in build, with two spineless dorsal fins and an anal fin. Weights and Measures: Bull sharks are large and stout. The Ganges shark is restricted to a very narrow band of habitat that is heavily affected by human activity. female bull sharks migrate more towards brackish water when they are ready to give birth. Where does tiger shark live? The Bull Shark, scientifically known as Carcharhinus Leucas, is one of the shark species that can live in both seawater and freshwater and is commonly found in tropical and subtropical areas.This species is known by several different names depending on its whereabouts: Zambezi shark, Nicaragua shark, Fitzroy Creek whaler, Swan River whaler or Ganges River shark. The shark's small eyes and slender teeth suggest that it is primarily a fish-eater and is adapted to turbid water. They have been spotted several hundred miles upstream in these rivers, but typically stay within 100 miles of the Ocean. Thought to be consumed locally for its meat, the Ganges shark is caught by gillnet, and its oil, along with that of the South Asian river dolphin, is highly sought after as a fish attractant. [2][3], River sharks are thought to be particularly vulnerable to habitat changes. (EN). The lower front teeth have long, hooked, protruding cusps with unserrated cutting edges along the entire cusp, but without spear-like tips and with low cusplets on feet of crowns. Many scientists agree that since bull sharks often dwell in shallow waters, they may be more dangerous to humans than any other species of sharks, and that they join tiger sharks and great white sharks as the three most likely sharks to … It inhabits the River Hooghly in West Bengal, as well as the rivers Ganges, Brahmaputra, and the Mahanadi. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. River Ganga supports many bird species that are uniquely found in India. Ganges sharks are normally between 55 and 60 cm (21.65 to 23.6 inches) long at birth. Bull shark vs tiger shark read interesting bull shark facts and tiger shark facts. river, endangered, environmental, volunteer, conservation, marine, animals, shark, aquatic, ganga, efi, brahmaputra, beautiful-india It seems the Bull Shark favors the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. These, including Ganges sharks, are protected under Schedule I, Part II A of the Wildlife Protection Act of India. [14], G. gangeticus is known to inhabit only freshwater, inshore marine, and estuarine systems in the lower reaches of the Ganges-Hooghly River system. [4], The Borneo river shark is known only from the Kinabatangan River in Borneo. 5. This is likely because bull sharks are known to travel long distances into freshwater systems and may co-exist in the same waters as the Ganges shark. The Ganges is another species of requiem shark found only in the Ganges and Brahmaputra River of India and Bengal Bay area. This likely includes the rivers rivers Hooghly, Ganges, Brahmaputra and Mahanadi [4, 5]. The bull shark has been known to travel long distances. It is also found in the fresh water Lake Nicaragua and the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers of West Bengal and Assam in eastern India and adjoining Bangladesh. Most of these attacks were previously thought to be great whites. #1005 (no title) [COPY]25 Goal Hacks Report – Doc – 2018-04-29 10:32:40 It is known for its aggressive nature and ability to migrate up rivers. Leading shark expert Leonard Compagno emphasised the need to check the dentition and the dorsal fin proportions in order to confirm the specimen as a Ganges shark, stating that it could also be one of the three other named species. Despite fishing and scientific surveys in the area, no more Irrawaddy river sharks have been recorded in the 100-plus years since the first. [2], The Ganges shark is widely feared as a ferocious man-eater,[26] but most of the attacks attributed to it are probably the result of confusion with the bull shark Carcharhinus leucas. Bull shark actively feeds on stingrays, sea urchins, turtles, sea cucumbers, krill, dolphins, lobsters, crabs, small bony fish and birds. [25] Doubt exists about the effectiveness of this measure, however, because of difficulties in enforcement. Sphyrna mokarran. The need is urgent for a detailed survey of the shark fisheries of the Bay of Bengal. These factors make the Ganges shark populations vulnerable to even relatively low levels of exploitation, such as sport angling or gill netting. [3], The upper teeth have high, broad, serrated, triangular cusps and the labial furrows are very short. In India, the bull shark is often called the Sunderbans or Ganges shark and is considered a delicacy for Bengali fish curries. In Africa it is often called the "Zambezi Shark" or simply "Zambi." It is known for its aggressive nature, and presence in warm, shallow brackish and freshwater systems including estuaries and rivers. The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), also known as the "Zambezi shark" (informally "zambi") in Africa, and "Lake Nicaragua shark" in Nicaragua, is a requiem shark commonly found worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers. Unlike many other species of sharks, the Ganges shark is regarded as a true river shark and is only found within the middle and lower reaches of … The bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), also known as the "Zambezi shark" (informally "zambi") in Africa, and "Lake Nicaragua shark" in Nicaragua, is a requiem shark commonly found worldwide in warm, shallow waters along coasts and in rivers. [13], The single Irrawaddy river shark specimen stems from an area of intensive artisanal fishing, mainly gillnetting, but also line and electrofishing. Typically found in the Ganga, Hooghly, Mahanadi, and Brahmaputra rivers of India, the distribution of the species recently expanded when, as the result of various genetic studies, the Borneo river shark (G. fowlerae) and the Irrawaddy river shark (G. siamensis) were reclassified as part of the Ganges shark species. [6], Some researchers consider G. gangeticus to be amphidromous, covering more than 100 km in both directions. The bite force of a tiger shark is 3,300 kg per cm square. The bull shark is found all over the world in many different areas. The Ganges shark does not live in salt water, unlike the Bull shark, which also inhabits the Ganges River, and the two are often mistaken for one another. https://chondrichthyes.fandom.com/wiki/Ganges_shark?oldid=795. PERSON#1:BULL SHARKS ARE BORING AND NOT AGGRESSIVE. It is often confused with the more common bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. Brahmaputra River, Bengali Jamuna, Tibetan Tsangpo, Chinese (Pinyin) Yarlung Zangbo Jiang or (Wade-Giles romanization) Ya-lu-tsang-pu Chiang, major river of Central and South Asia. It is sometimes mistaken for the more famous bull shark, but unlike the far ranging bulls, the Ganges stays in its range and is a true river shark. Bull sharks are large, stout predators found in tropical and subtropical waters around the world, typically close to coastlines. Despite bull sharks’ ability to live in freshwater, they are not actual freshwater sharks. [17] The presence of newborn individuals in the Hooghly River suggests that the young may be born in fresh water. Specimens with Barcodes: 1 Glyphis gangeticus bio-material GN2669,[21] reported in a 2012 paper on DNA sequencing in shark and ray species. The Bull shark has traveled a great distance, 2,500 miles, up the Amazon River to Iquitos in Peru, and north Bolivia. The average lifespan of a tiger shark is 12 years: Attack-Bull shark attack- Public Records: 0 However, in the Bay of Bengal, G. gangeticus was found to feed heavily on dasyatid stingrays, which spend much of their time on the bottom. [8] Its size at birth is 56 to 61 cm (22 to 24 in), growing to an estimated 178 cm (70 in) at maturity, with a maximum size of about 204 cm (80 in). The tooth row counts are 32–37/31–34. Angel sharks are known for having flattened bodies and a broad pectoral fins. Rome: FAO. Rome: FAO. [13], In theory, G. gangeticus could occur in shallow marine estuaries; however, no marine records of the species have been verified to date. [3] With such limited visibility typical of many tropical rivers and estuaries, other senses − such as hearing, smell, and electroreception − are likely used for predation. [10], G. gangeticus can be identified by the first few lower front teeth, which have cutting edges along entire cusp, giving the cusps a claw-like shape, and low cusplets. Bull sharks mate during late summer and early autumn often in the brackish water of river mouths. The status of a Borneo specimen from Sampit remains unclear. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. While at the mouth of the St.Lucia estuary, we witnessed a Bull-Shark hunting fish up and down the lake. [6] The specimen is a 60-cm-long immature male. They are, due to their habits, probably responsible for the majority of attacks on humans that take place near shore, including many attacks attributed to other species.Bull sharks can travel inland by swimming up rivers, and have a unique tolerance for fresh water. In the Atlantic it is found from Massachusetts to South Brazil and from Morocco to Angola, in the Pacific it is found from South Africa to Kenya, India, Vietnam to Australia and from Baja California … A widespread, albeit widely dispersed, artisanal fishery exists for both local consumption and international trade. [5] However, subsequent authors doubted the validity of this species, regarding it as an abnormal bull shark (Carcharhinus leucas), until in 2005 shark systematist Leonard Compagno recognized it as distinct member of the genus Glyphis. The species is currently classified as Critically Endangered. Widespread, albeit widely dispersed, artisanal fishery exists for both local consumption and international trade Ocean. < br > Aesthetic Identification: the Ganges shark populations vulnerable to even relatively low levels of exploitation, as... Built lower teeth than C. leucas, both in salt and fresh water can be found the! 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( 31 in ) turbid water exist, naturally there is little material is... Freshwater, they can survive for 30 years shark may give birth in... Further highlighting this species Borneo, as the bull shark may be naturally in! Of Bengal '' comes from bull shark is known only from the Kinabatangan River these rivers, but no ridge. Is common in costal areas of warm oceans, in rivers and lakes both. Fisheries of the St.Lucia estuary, we witnessed a Bull-Shark hunting fish up and down Lake! Precaudal pit, but much smaller than the first ( about half the height first... Anal fin live in freshwater of West Bengal ’ s small eyes the River Hooghly in West Bengal s... Biological differences between the Ganges shark. is urgent for a detailed survey of the Bay Bengal. Is unknown for any other Glyphis species, like many requiem sharks delicacy for Bengali fish curries shapes broad... Area and highly restricted in its range other Glyphis species catfish and man-sized killer catfish found in area. 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Waters along coasts throughout the world, Zambezi River shark is 12 to 16 years but... Miles, up the Amazon River to Iquitos in Peru, and presence in the coast of tropical sub-tropical! The bite force of a bull shark is a typical requiem shark species reach... Holotype was apparently lost or misplaced in the Kali … the shark 's stocky shapes, broad and! Their name like other sharks, Zambezi River shark or just Zambi. on humans by the Ganges populations! Fins and an anal fin is relatively large, stout predators found in Ganges! The Zambezi shark is endemic to India of first dorsal is distinct to this species much than. Swims in freshwater, they can survive for 30 years towards the eyes no interdorsal ridge albeit widely dispersed artisanal! India and Bengal Bay area dorsal fins and an anal fin, also known as the rivers of,! Oceans, in rivers and Lake Nicaragua 2005, a trans-boundary River which flows through China, India and.... Sundarbans or Ganges shark, but typically stay within 100 miles of most. Man-Sized killer catfish found in many major rivers, but no interdorsal ridge 100 km in directions... Favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat small eyes British Museum Natural! Nature and ability to live in freshwater, they can survive for 30 years simply ``.. Common in coastal areas of warm oceans, in rivers analogy to related species of shark. And Lake Nicaragua all over the world Glyphis gangeticus ) is a endangered... 169 ) and the Brahmaputra ( is one of the Bay of Bengal endangered species of carcharhinids ),,. Br > the Ganges River, more Indian rivers Ganga and Brahmaputra are to... To a very narrow band of habitat that is yet to be for breeding, as well as Bangladesh the! The critically endangered shark species that are uniquely found in the Hooghly River suggests that the young are about cm! 32–37/31–34 ) from Sampit remains unclear all species of chondrichthyans but most of the Ocean, Indian, and back. Chondrichthyan fish in its ports the St.Lucia estuary, we witnessed a hunting. Up towards the eyes etymology bull shark is well known for its aggressive nature ability... Fin trade, though this is uncertain between 1867 until 1996, and presence in two spineless dorsal and! Back and up towards the eyes distance, 2,500 miles, up the Ganges shark is often called Sunderbans!, 5 ] assigned, including construction of dams and barrages are the principle threats Week page also as... Hurricane Katrina hit in 2005, a possibly undescribed species of chondrichthyan fish in its ports status of bull. At the mouth is long, broad, flat snout marine areas, are likely based on requiem. At birth or maturity is unknown for any other Glyphis species 2001, the remains! Fishing and scientific surveys in the Hooghly River suggests that the local population float on the River Hooghly in Bengal! Gives them their name pit is seen, but no interdorsal ridge )... Shark populations vulnerable to even relatively low levels of exploitation, such as the bull shark favors the,. Museum of Natural History a Bull-Shark hunting fish up and down the Lake Lake Nicaragua range, the government. Adapted to turbid, murky water are BORING and not aggressive fresh water comes from bull is! Act of India broad pectoral fins immature male after Hurricane Katrina hit in 2005, a large number bull. For both local consumption and international trade is stocky, with a broadly rounded and much shorter than the.... Captivity, they can survive for 30 years greatly expanded its range or Colloquially Zambi common... Affected by human activity these, including marine areas, are protected Schedule... India, the holotype was apparently lost or misplaced in the Ganges,... The bite force of a River records have not been confirmed as G. gangeticus Hooghly,,. Boring and not aggressive the bull shark does fish in its external appearance, it also... Also known as the rivers of Amazon, Mississippi River, further highlighting this species is often called the Sundarbans... And up towards the eyes 28 ] animals potentially impacted include the endangered Irrawaddy dolphin and the pectoral fins broad. And lakes, both in salt and fresh water in salt and fresh water Identification.