Think of the expression â€œThe road to hell is paved with good intentions.â€ This statement suggests that it is very easy to do a bad thing even though you have good reasons. What you meant to do doesnâ€™t matter â€“ what you did is what matters. It is the only moral … On a final note, the theory of utilitarianism demonstrates two major strengths in its application. Its significance in law, politics, and economics is especially notable. Education General Although the theory of utilitarianism appears to be relevant or applicable in most daily situations, there are deep underlying challenges associated with the concept. Works Cited. Although we sometimes end up making wrong decisions altogether, it does not change the fact that options must be assessed carefully. Utilitarianism is a consequential moral theory, which means that the question of any action being morally right or wrong depends on the good or bad effects it produces. Dickens openly expresses his dislike for the utilitarian education system in his book through the teachers, pupils, settings, effect on characters, and chapter titles. The measurement and comparison of certain values are quite cumbersome. Worksheet for applying the ethical theory of Utilitarianism to nuclear weapons and animal experimentation (can be edited to own needs). As it stands now, pure economic terms are used to explain the theory of utilitarianism. All Rights Reserved. that determine whether something is right or wrong. The fact that people value the happiness of those close to them more than that of strangers makes utilitarianism personally unacceptable to many, but it may still be a proper principle for government, given some overriding respect for individual rights. Dickens provides three vivid examples of this utilitarian logic in Hard Times. Therefore, it does not matter whether wrong methods such as coercion, manipulation and lies are used to achieve certain results because the results justify the means used (Singer, 2011). The application of the utilitarian theory to the case reveals that the determination of the morality of such actions depends on the group of people forming the majority at a given time. . Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics, or the ethics that define the morality of actions, as proposed by Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. The philosophy of education examines the goals, forms, methods, and meaning of education.The term is used to describe both fundamental philosophical analysis of these themes and the description or analysis of particular pedagogical approaches. Cornelius T. (2002) Application and Implications of Deontology, Utilitarianism, and Pragmatism for Medical Practice. Pains and pleasure were also discussed in terms of their quality or intensity in order to derive the intended meaning. In other words, it is necessary to have a thorough grasp of the welfarist theory before applying the principle of utilitarianism. In other terms, the process of undertaking a cost-benefit analysis before an ethical decision is made can be a complicated affair and therefore not practical in nature. It is the only moral … These include welfarism, consequentialism, consumer sovereignty and utility maximization (Singer, 2011). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. Other values that cannot be compared to money include the dignity of humanity and aspect of time. , and if you can't find the answer there, please A standard objection to utilitarianism is that it could require us to violate the standards of … Utilitarianism is a theory of morality, which advocates actions that foster happiness or pleasure and opposes actions that cause unhappiness or harm. In 2010 Professor Peter Singer delivered an oration to the Institute of Public Administration Australia (IPAA). It is a form of consequentialism. Character perfection is also impossible. The concept would be discussed on theoretical footings presented and advocated by its pioneers Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mills. Its provisions and key tenets have been fully tested. Application of Utilitarianism to Various Case Studies Utilitarianism Utilitarianism is a simple ethical theory to both explain and assess. Utilitarianism. Dreeben-Irimia, Olga. Learn faster with spaced repetition. Utilitarianism - Utilitarianism - Effects of utilitarianism in other fields: The influence of utilitarianism has been widespread, permeating the intellectual life of the last two centuries. Although different varieties of utilitarianism admit different characterizations, the basic idea behind all of them is to in some sense maximize utility, which is often defined in terms of well-being or related concepts. Now, before we proceed towards looking at some examples, let us discuss this idea a little in detail. Nonetheless, this process is often not as easy as it may sound. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action is right if it tends to promote happiness and wrong if … Never has the utilitarian element of education been pitched so glaringly and blatantly as a goal in itself. It is often necessary to navigate theories that have passed the test of time. As a matter of fact, all the counter arguments raised from this ethical principle are within the confines of rigorous sociological research studies. Utilitarian Ethics Examples. Besides, there are myriads of both empirical and theoretical research studies that have been conducted on the utilitarian theory. One of the greatest weaknesses of this theory is that it does not put justice into perspective. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number. The consequences of our actions may yield any results (beneficial or harmful). Utilitarianism is one of the best known and most influential moral theories. Considerations of how the profession relates to broader philosophical or sociocultural contexts may be included. And excluding safe sex education in favor of abstinence-only education is immoral. It prohibits partiality and self-interest when decisions are being made (West, 2006). consequentialism, rights, side constraints, utilitarianism, value of life. Arguments can be used to explore the theory from either an opposite or supportive point of view. The example i am presenting is that of the treatment regarding kids with special needs- whether they are genetic like down syndrome, dyslexia, or add/adhd or the lack of desire to learn or the failing to see the benefits of a proper education. New York: Nabu Press. Cornelius T. (2002) Application and Implications of Deontology, Utilitarianism, and Pragmatism for Medical Practice. Utilitarianism's primary weakness has to do with justice. It is a dominant ethical theory even though there are a number of queries that have not been answered by the principle. On the other hand, consumer sovereignty states that individual welfare is appropriately judged by consumers (Bentham, 2012). The main assumption is that the utilitarianism theory is the sole guiding principle for making ethical verdicts. One thing that is common to all Utilitarian approaches is its teleological outlook; the theory that morality is dependent on outcomes and not concerned with the motive or intention for an action. Eventually, the line of action that generates the greatest positive results is chosen over the one that is apparently harmful (Bentham, 2012). Its multiple versions and his writings from the welfarist principle considered a form of punishment future... Controversy among utilitarians in order to evaluate it in details end justifies means. 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