The opening to the flower is hairy. Yellow Giant Hyssop. Sometimes dwarfed, it may be hairless or have some hairs. [35][40] E. cardinalis and its sister species E. cinnabarina likely evolved via allopatric speciation. Common Name: Catawba Tree, Monkey Cigar Tree. [9] Erythranthe is used as food by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, such as the mouse moth (Amphipyra tragopoginis), as a main part of their diet. [14], Erythranthe alsinoides is similar to several species found in the Pacific Northwest. [16] They are called monkey-flowers because some species have flowers shaped like a monkey's face. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. [23], The French botanist Édouard Spach established Erythranthe as a separate genus with just the type species Erythranthe cardinalis. Lewis’s Monkeyflower (Mimulus lewisii)By Walter Fertig. [11] The species as strictly defined is perennial and spreads with stolons or rhizomes. The calyx has five lobes that are much shorter than the flower. The most common color by far is a peach or light salmon color. Acalypha sanderi N. E. Br. f.) Kuntze Philippine medusa (Engl.) E. guttata is 5–80 cm (2–31 in) tall with disproportionately large 5–20 mm (0.2–0.8 in) long, tubular flowers. [2] In the past, about 150 species were placed in this genus, most of which have since been assigned to other genera, the majority to genus Erythranthe. Diplacus aurantiacus, Sticky Monkey flower is the coastal form of Mimulus aurantiacus, a perennial with 1" orange flowers that likes partial shade if planted in the interior sun if it is along the coast. Mimulus ringens var. Although it is fully interfertile with its sister species E. cardinalis, the two do not interbreed in the wild, a difference ascribed primarily to pollinator differences; E. cardinalis is pollinated by hummingbirds, especially Calypte anna and Selasphorus rufus. Erythranthe guttata, with the common names seep monkeyflowerand common yellow monkeyflower, is a yellow bee-pollinatedannual or perennial plant. [33] Molecular geneticists regard the species broadly as including both perennial and annual populations, but there is rationale for treating this complex as several distinct species (perennials are E. guttata, E. grandis, and E. corallina; annuals are E. microphylla and others). Several are cultivated as orna… Before the 2012 restructuring, two large groups of species had long been recognized in the genus Mimulus as it was traditionally defined, with the largest group of species in western North America, and a second group with center of diversity in Australia. The entire plant is edible, but reported to be very salty and bitter unless well cooked. "Conspicuous Problems and Interesting Directions in Monkeyflower Sect. any of various plants belonging to the genus Mimulus, of the figwort family, as M. cardinalis(scarlet monkey flower), having spotted flowers that resemble a face. Scientific names Common names Acalypha hispida Burm. Flowers are red, pink, or yellow, often in various combinations. Monkey tail (Engl.) Mimulus sect. The juice from the leaves was used as a poultice for mild skin irritations and burns. [55] Because of their wide range and many variations, the most important are those derived from E. gutatta and E. General Flower color varies in this species. Erythranthe guttatais a model organismfor biological studies, and in that … This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. [6] Multiple studies of chloroplast DNA and two regions of nuclear rDNA[7] suggest that the genera Phryma, Berendtiella, Hemichaena, Leucocarpus, Microcarpeae, Peplidium, Glossostigma, and Elacholoma are all derived from within Mimulus and would need to be rearranged. It is now clear that E. cinnabarina and E. cardinalis are sister species and that E. lewisii and E. erubescens are sister species. E. guttata also displays a high degree of self-pollination. The common name comes from the fancied resemblance of the flower to a monkey's face when it is squeezed by the fingers. Red cat’s tail (Engl.) Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Acalypha sanderi K. Schum. [7][8] Some species produce copious amounts of aromatic compounds, giving them a musky odor (hence "musk-flowers"). Calif. Acad. [20][21][22] The species that are subshrubs with woody stems were originally placed in the section Diplacus, and this was subsequently made a separate genus. The plant is hairy to slightly hairy and grows from 0.5–3 dm (2–12 in) tall. "Rosaceae" thus means "the Rose Family ". in Illinois are either yellow-flowered or blue- to pink-flowered. The largest concentration of species is in western North America, but species are found elsewhere in the United States and Canada, as well as from Mexico to Chile and eastern Asia. In the past, about 150 species were placed in this genus, most of which have since been assigned to other genera, the majority to genus Erythranthe. [56][57], Erythranthe species tend to concentrate sodium chloride and other salts absorbed from the soils in which they grow in their leaves and stem tissues. Monkey is a common name that may refer to groups or species of mammals, in part, the simians of infraorder Simiiformes. utahensis. However, according to Cancer Research UK, "there is no scientific evidence to prove that flower remedies can control, cure or prevent any type of disease, including cancer". Each flower is attached by a pedicel. The upper lip usually has two lobes; the lower, three. Common Name: Scarlet monkey flower: Scientific Name: Mimulus cardinalis: Family Name: Scrophulariaceae In the latter form, roots may develop at lower leaf nodes. The flowers are yellow with reddish-brown spots, usually on the lower lip, and the upper and lower lips have fused, growing 8–14 cm (3.1–5.5 in). Sci. Pollination is mostly by either bees or hummingbirds. [34], Before recognition of E. cinnabarina as a species, E. lewisii was interpreted to be the sister of E. cardinalis. The fruits are capsules. Red-hot cat tail (Engl.) Mimulus remains as a small genus of eastern North America and the Southern Hemisphere. Dicotyledon, or dicot, any member of the flowering plants that has a pair of leaves, or cotyledons, in the embryo of the seed. The stem may be erect or recumbent. The orchid genus Dracula, abbreviated as Drac in horticultural trade, consists of 118 species native to Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. Erythranthe is a highly diverse genus with the characteristics unifying the various species being axile placentation and long pedicels. In the hypothesized phylogeny, the 'cinnabarina/cardinalis' pair is sister to the 'lewisii/erubescens' pair. "Pollinator preference and the evolution of floral traits in monkeyflowers (, "Correlated Matings in the Partial Selfer, "Monkeyflower is a Drought Tolerant Addition to Your Landscape", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Erythranthe&oldid=975271784, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 18:05. It was formerly known as Mimulus guttatus. [4], Erythranthe guttata is pollinated by bees, such as Bombus impatiens. Phrymaceae. [47], A large number of the species grow in moist to wet soils with some growing even in shallow water. [52] Diseases they are susceptible to include: crown gall, aster yellows phytoplasma, impatiens necrotic spot virus (INSV), leaf spots, powdery mildew — especially Erysiphe brunneopunctata and There may be as many as 1000 scientific papers focused on this species. "Aceae" is Latin for "a family" or "a group". Mimulus aurantiacus Curtis. About Bush Monkey Flower (Mimulus aurantiacus) 52 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List The bush monkey-flower or sticky monkey-flower is a flowering perennial plant that grows in a subshrub form, native to southwestern North America from southwestern Oregon south through most of California and into Baja, Mexico. E. guttata is highly complex, with many variations apparently reflecting differences in geographic environment and elevation. [4][35] It was previously reported that evidence strongly linking pollination preference to color differences between the species, but this has been disproven. Pollination changes are highly affected by changes in flower morphology. [29], Attempts at crossing species, whether from different sections or within the same section, of Erythranthe are not always successful. Erythranthe, the monkey-flowers and musk-flowers, is a diverse plant genus with at least 111 members (as of 2017) in the family Phrymaceae. Member species are usually annuals or herbaceous perennials. The perennials and annuals differ as groups from each other by an inversion sequence on chromosome 8. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Mimulus ringens . Scientific Names for Plant Families. [17] The widely used generic name, Latin mimus meaning "mimic actor", from the Greek mimos meaning "imitator" also alludes to the fancied monkey resemblance. 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