It is extremely important to know these by heart in order to make informed clinical decisions. A positive ELISA result that fails to be confirmed by Western blot or IFA should not be considered negative, and repeat testing should take place in 3 to 6 months. If you hardly find any time to prepare for the NCLEX-PN exam, then you should go through our NCLEX-PN cheat sheets created by our experts. Preparation of a consent form, if required. Elevated levels resulting from hepatic dysfunction may lead to encephalopathy. Apr 30, 2020 - Super medical assistant study cheat sheets lab values Ideas WBC count assesses the total number of WBC in a cubic millimeter of blood. Instruct the client to avoid consuming high-cholesterol foods with the evening meal before the test. Urea is normally freely filtered through the renal glomeruli, with a small amount reabsorbed in the tubules and the remainder excreted in the urine. Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) test is used to evaluate a client with a suspected hepatocellular disease, injury, or inflammation (may also be used along with cardiac markers to evaluate coronary artery occlusive disease). Your email address will not be published. Nursing Lab Values Nursing Labs Nclex Lab Values Hypocrite Quotes Funny Nursing School Notes Nursing Schools Rn School School Stuff Medical Laboratory Science. Instruct the client to fast for 4 hours before the blood is drawn. Serum osmolality is usually estimated by doubling the serum sodium because sodium is a major determinant of serum osmolality. Diagnostic testing involves three phases: pretest, intratest, and post-test. When it comes to lab values, it takes a loot of time and effort to try and memorize them all! Additional responsibilities during post-test include: Summary of the different normal laboratory values. For example, a normal Magnesium level is 1.5-2.5 mg/dL. Tag: nursing lab values cheat sheet. Instruct the client to eat a high-carbohydrate (200 to 300 g) diet for 3 days before the test. Cheat sheet of lab values. Hyperglycemia in clients with diabetes is usually a cause of an increase in the HbA1c. Total bilirubin levels increase with any type of jaundice; direct and indirect bilirubin levels help differentiate the cause of jaundice. A low total WBC count with a left shift means a recovery from bone marrow depression or an infection of such intensity that the demand for neutrophils in the tissue is greater than the capacity of the bone marrow to release them into the circulation. 0 – 30 mm/hour (value may vary depending on age). WHATS POPPIN YOUTUBE!? Iron is essential for the production of blood helps transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues and carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs. Electrolytes (Know this by heart) Sodium (135-145 meq/L) Potassium (3.5- 5 meq/L) Calcium (8.6- 10 mg/dL) Magnesium … ... NCLEX-RN Cram Sheet for Nursing Exams (2019 Update) Mar 3, 2019 - ELEMENTS Calcium Description Calcium is a cation absorbed into the bloodstreamfromdietary sources and functions in bone formation, nerve impulse transmission, CD4+ T-cell counts help Monitors the progression of HIV. Disease or injury affecting the brain, heart muscle, and skeletal muscle, Disease involving the central nervous system. Gastrointestinal disorders such as nausea and vomiting. Phosphorus is absorbed from food and is excreted by the kidneys. Vital signs. Start studying Need to Know Lab Values NCLEX. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) is a measurement of the rate at which erythrocytes settle in a blood sample within one hour. Do not draw samples from an arm into which heparin is infusing. Total bilirubin levels can be broken into direct bilirubin, which is excreted primarily via the intestinal tract, and indirect bilirubin, which circulates primarily in the bloodstream. Hemoglobin A₁C (glycosylated hemoglobin A; HbA1c) is a reflection of how well blood glucose levels have been controlled for the past 3 to 4 months. Check out our nursing cheat sheets for nursing assessment, nursing lab values, and more all downloadable via PDF! Additional responsibilities during intratest are: During the last part of diagnostic testing, the nursing care revolves around observations and follow-up activities for the patient. A. Results are invalidated if the specimen was obtained less than 72 hours after cholecystography with radiopaque dyes. If the test is to evaluate skeletal muscle, instruct the client to avoid strenuous physical activity for 24 hours before the test. nclex pn lab values cheat sheet pdf katiemegabyte. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH): The amount of Hgb present in one cell. human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which is the cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Nclex. Direct bilirubin (conjugated): 0.0 to 0.2 mg/dL, Indirect bilirubin (unconjugated): 0.1 to 1 mg/dL, Extrahepatic duct obstruction (gallstone, inflammation, scarring, surgical trauma, or tumor). The Lab Values Course will help you understand how to interpret some of the most common and most important laboratory values you might see in your patients. Functions to counterbalance cations, such as sodium, and acts as a buffer during oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange in red blood cells (RBCs). Assist in the diagnosis of conditions related to acute and chronic infection, inflammation, and tissue necrosis or infarction. To assist you on your nursing journey, here is a Lab Values Chart to help you! Screen for dysfunction of the extrinsic clotting system resulting from vitamin K deficiency disseminated intravascular coagulation or liver disease. Save NCLEX Pharmacology Antidotes Cheat Sheet - NCLEX Quiz For Later. Could you point me in the right direction. (1998). Bilirubin is produced by the liver, spleen, and bone marrow and is also a by-product of hemoglobin breakdown. Reporting of the results to the appropriate members of the healthcare team. Helps in diagnosing anemia and hemolytic disorder. The most common lab values student nurses need to know for the NCLEX. Click to download or print out Chegg’s NCLEX-PN Cram Sheet to use as a study aid which covers the concepts below. This NCLEX-RN cram sheet or cheat sheet can help you prepare as it contains condensed facts about the nurse licensure exam itself and key nursing information. When your time to take the NCLEX comes, you can write or transfer these vital information from your head to a blank sheet … Familiarize yourself with commonly tested values and the basics of NCLEX-RN questions themselves, and you’ll be in even better shape on exam day. Assess the venipuncture site for bleeding in clients with known thrombocytopenia. Part of the bicarbonate-carbonic acid buffering system and mainly responsible for regulating the pH of body fluids. Normal Lab Values Cheat Sheet for NCLEX: Lab Values from A to Z It is important for you to remember normal lab values because they might be included in questions throughout the test. Assess and validate that the client has not been receiving anticoagulants, aspirin, or aspirin-containing products for 3 days prior to the test. Ammonia is metabolized by the liver and excreted by the kidneys as urea. NCLEX Lab Values Chart. On the NCLEX exam, you will be given lab values that are noticeably abnormal. Jan 2, 2018 - NICU Manual Cheat Sheet | Scribd | Neonatal Nursing | Pinterest Prolonged use of magnesium products causes increased serum levels. Diets high in green leafy vegetables can increase the absorption of vitamin K, which shortens the PT. IV Fluids and Solutions Guide & Cheat Sheet (2020 Update) Get to know the different types of intravenous solutions or IV fluids in this guide. Long-term parenteral nutrition therapy or excessive loss of body fluids may decrease serum levels. Monitor response to warfarin sodium (Coumadin) therapy. free nursing cheat sheets nurse on fire nursing normal lab values cheat sheet pdf download The most common lab values student nurses need to know for the NCLEX. Request a Cheat Sheet Basic EKG / ECG Rhythms Chart 11 Rhythms Nurses Need To Know. LATEST POSTS. Common tests used to determine the presence of antibodies to HIV include ELISA, Western blot, and Immunofluorescence assay (IFA). If the BNP level is elevated, dyspnea is due to heart failure; if it is normal, the dyspnea is due to a pulmonary problem. Thank you! Any condition accompanied by prolonged vomiting, diarrhea, or both will alter chloride levels. Pharmacokinetics & Pharmodynamics. Understanding the normal laboratory values of blood glucose is an essential key in managing diabetes mellitus. Compare the previous and current test results. Author Russell Fischer, RN. When you take the NCLEX exam or work as a nurse you will be expected to know basic normal lab value ranges. Questions will usually include critical lab values and it’s a matter of identifying if it’s within normal range or not. Determine whole-body stores of sodium, because the ion is predominantly extracellular. their yours. Increased amounts of troponin are released into the bloodstream when an infarction causes damage to the myocardium. Nurses have responsibilities for each phase of diagnostic testing. Helps to diagnose the presence of thrombus in conditions such as deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, or stroke. Laboratory reference values. Particles include sodium ions, glucose, and urea. Helps in diagnosing anemia and blood dyscrasia. Potassium is the most abundant intracellular cation that serves important functions such as regulate acid-base equilibrium, control cellular water balance, and transmit electrical impulses in skeletal and cardiac muscles. radioimmunoassay, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and microparticle enzyme immunoassay. Detect coagulation disorders in clotting factors such as hemophilia A (factor VIII) and hemophilia B (factor IX). Request a Cheat Sheet. Instruct the client to fast for 10 to 16 hours before the test. Apply direct pressure to the venipuncture site. July 2020. ... Clinical Laboratory Values Cheat Sheet For Nurses. Because the myoglobin level is not cardiac specific and rises and falls so rapidly, its use in diagnosing myocardial infarction may be limited. Diagnostic & Lab Tests. July 2020. atrial natriuretic peptides (ANP) synthesized in cardiac ventricle muscle, brain natriuretic peptides (BNP)  synthesized in the cardiac ventricle muscle. I am from india. Hypofibrinogenemia von Willebrand’s disease. Thanks for your anticipation, This is great! When it comes to lab values, it takes a loot of time and effort to try and memorize them all! Nursing considerations for Platelet counts: Activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) evaluates the function of the contact activation pathway and coagulation sequence by measuring the amount of time it requires for recalcified citrated plasma to clot after partial thromboplastin is added to it. The PT measures the amount of time it takes in seconds for clot formation, the international normalized ratio (INR) is calculated from a PT result to monitor the effectiveness of warfarin. Monitoring the therapeutic levels of certain medications is often conducted when the patient is taking medications with a narrow therapeutic range where a slight imbalance could be critical. This site has changed my life! Oral contraceptives may increase the lipid level. Ensuring the correct labeling, storage, and transportation of the specimen. Insulin Cheat Sheet. Question Answer; Sodium (Na+) 135-145 mEq/L: Potassium (K+) 3.5-5.0 mEq/L: Calcium (Ca++) 8-10 mg/dL: Magnesium (Mg++) 1.8-2.4 mg/dL: Phosphorous (PO4) 2.5-4.5 mg/dL: Creatinine (Cr) 0-1 mg/dL: Blood urea nitrogen: 10-30 ug/dL: Ph: 7.35-7.45: PaCO2: 35-45 mmHg: PO2 >80 mmHg: HCO3: 22-26 mmHg: Initiate bleeding precautions, if the PT value is longer than 30 seconds in a client receiving warfarin therapy. View Notes - Normal-Lab-Values-Cheat-Sheet-for-NCLEX-Lab-Values-from-A-to-Z.png from CAPSTONE 499 at Purdue University. To help you interpret ABG results, check out our 8-Step Guide to ABG Analysis Tic-Tac-Toe Method. In this section of the NCLEX-RN examination, you will be expected to demonstrate your knowledge and skills of laboratory values in order to: Identify laboratory values for ABGs (pH, PO2, PCO2, SaO2, HCO3), BUN, cholesterol (total) glucose, hematocrit, hemoglobin, glycosylated hemoglobin (HgbA1C), platelets, potassium, sodium, WBC, creatinine, PT, PTT & APTT, INR In the pretest, the main focus is on preparing the client for the diagnostic procedure. You can simply press right click of your mouse and select print, then you can choose the option to print it if you have a printer available or just save it as a pdf file in your computer and study or print it later. Very very special contain on this platform…. It is extremely important to know these by heart in order to make informed clinical decisions. Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) test is used to identify hepatocellular injury and inflammation of the liver and to monitor improvement or worsening of the disease. Thank u.. Note that results are invalidated if the client has received a radioactive scan within 24 hours before the test. Red blood cell indicates (RBC Indices) determine the characteristics of an RBC. Lab values nursing nclex-rn, nclex-pn, and ATI review: This video explains the lab values nurses need to know for the NCLEX exam. Instruct the client that the test may take 3 to 5 hours, requires IV or oral administration of glucose, and the taking of multiple blood samples. Glucose is the main source of cellular energy for the body and is essential for brain and erythrocyte function. These are the steps to follow in obtaining a blood sample: You can download a summary of this Normal Laboratory Values guide via: Suggested reading and additional resources for this Normal Laboratory Values guide: currently working as a nurse manager, this article is very helpful aspiring junior nurses to achieve their goals. 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