In the month of June, irrigation is done after properly planting of trees and fertilizing. If infested twigs has broken off spear the larva; dead infested twigs that have not broken off should be broken and the larva on pupa speared. Guava trees are native to tropical America and are grown in tropical and subtropical areas around the world. Control: Spray with appropriate insecticide (like malathion) when necessary. /Length1 48456 An evaluation of cultural practices of orchard management was studied on 16-yr-old healthy and productive guava cv. A ten year old guava tree gives a yield, up to 100 kg of fruit. Tel. Climate Required For Guava Cultivation:-Guava can be grown in both tropical and sub-tropical climates. Guava tree description: Guava (Psidium guajava) is an evergreen fruit tree of the Myrtaceae family, native to tropical America and Mesoamerica. The yield of a plant depends on its age, cropping pattern and the cultural practices. Fruit fly management in Guava orchards using Pheromone traps. In guava cultivation, grafted plants come into bearing at the age of 3 years and peak harvesting periods are August-September for rainy season crop and Jan-Feb. for winter season crop. Here is the complete guidance on starting a guava plantation in India with complete details on guava varieties in India, planting guava seeds, plantation management, harvesting and post harvest practices. All Time. The fruits are commonly eaten raw and are processed into jams, jellies, and preserves. It can be reduced by improving the soil pH and treating the soil with N, P, K and Zn at 200, 80, 150 and 80 g/ year respectively, or fortnightly foliar spraying of these nutrients each at 2% for 4 months. At the peak of production (about 10 -18 years, an annual application of 2 kg or more complete fertilizer per tree, split in application may be required to sustain growth development and production of fruits. @X)� �O�DB;$:�N���=�t�;Ȅ�[��t UCCE, … The trunk is tilted, rather branched and between 3 and 20m. 07_chapter 2.pdf Oriental fruit fly (Daucus dorsalis Hendel). The root sprouts; low-lying branches, disease infected and other dead branches, which are unnecessary just, have to be eliminated. Guava has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions. Production Guide on Guava, Cultural Practices Land Preparation . Fruits mature during winter. The guava is one of the richest fruits in terms of antioxidants and vitamin C (100 g of guava contain as many as 228.3 mg of this vitamin compared to the 53.2 mg of an orange), as well as being an excellent source of magnesium, potassium, calcium, copper and phosphorus. They also parasitized by minute parasitic hymenopterans. Guava has a slender trunk with smooth green to red-brown bark. CULTURE AND FEEDING PRACTICES: MAJOR UNDERLYING CAUSES OF CHILDHOOD MALNUTRITION IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES BY Peter O. Ogunjuyigbe, Ph.D. Department of Demography and Social Statistics Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Osun State, Nigeria & Ebenezer O. Ojofetimi, Ph.D Institute of Public Health, College of Health Sciences Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Osun State, Nigeria … Spotting of leaves and fruits ? Practice repeated every year in June in order to sustain the approach; Source: Central Institute For Subtropical Horticulture. : 8372071 to 82 loc 2420 Besides wilt there are several other diseases of guava of which post-harvest diseases (different fruit rots) are very common. 19. 2.11 The Requirements of Guava Cultivation. Weeding/cultivation – shallow cultivation around the base of the plant is recommended to prevent root injury, incorporate organic matter into the soil and to control weeds especially when trees need all the available soil moisture. stream If acceptable cultivars with few seeds were to become available the potential for expansion of the fresh fruit market exists. These cankers are circular, dry and raised. Intermediate (low hills) zone This area lies in between sub-tropical zone and high hills with altitude ranging from1000 m – 1500 m above mean sea level. : (049) 5360014 to 20, Manila Liaison Office: Guava trees produce 1-inch, white flowers that yield to small round, oval or pear-shaped fruits. (#�$. Arka Mridula trees. Under moist conditions, pinkish masses of spores can be seen on lesions surface. Guava trees should not be irrigated from February to mid-May. On the leaves, the disease produces angular, rusty brown spots of varying sizes, usually 2-5 mm in diameter. The guava root knot nematode has been found on sweet potato farms in eight counties in eastern North Carolina prompting the North Carolina Department of Agriculture to issue an internal quarantine of the invasive pest last October in all 100 of the state’s counties. The strategies focus on pest management both below ground and above ground. Cultural practices to maintain vigorously growing plants help to reduce the colonization of the fungus. ���YS�T����}� �n ������y�w4��t:�/^�q��F�yԟ��Y��ێ�+hi�.�ݲ�R@EדQ�٭Kg͘���h jМm߯~L�.�8g�̖���Rߙ�_�+�{��Py�S�-��J+�/Z�Oo�=S���+�lk�h�Q�K�7��c^K�L��� �� ���I\��Q�޾`f��CO6 ̤�2����^�斯�bJO�M \���*��g���iv+W��&�υR�-�T �'���R��-gd*�a�a8�2�P 9]7ԇ��ՃH�q��O�{�R|f1�LT�d��Y������u��A���`1���]���������@���%\���H���{|hl#�"�� l�z`Y�&�tg��3ut�XqT���Y��yAc��er��z��HD"������Esn-�tq������`B3T��ą��y5�HD.\0D�(x@% URԠ&ԀF�h�&Ԃ�0��4�1V�L`$4�I�XBfB�K? Land Preparation– plow the area once or two times followed by several harrowings to completely pulverize and expose the soil. However, this intercrop should be removed once the main crop becomes too crowded. The plants are aligned with other trees in all directions. ASSUMPTIONS: CULTURAL PRACTICES AND COST CALCULATIONS The costs and prices for material, equipment, labor wages, and contract fees in this study are for the 2007 Calendar year. It is best done during the dry season. The plant possesses oval or elliptical leaves which are smooth on the upper surface and hairy on the lower surface. Cultural Practices under INM in Mango End Previous Next In this RLO we will discuss about different cultural practices such as inter crop and cover crop, weed ... | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to download . Nutrient Management In Guava PowerPoint PPT Presentations. Climate and Soil 4. It is a soft scale that infests the young shoots, mostly on leaves. The amount will be increased, as the tree grows bigger. However, when the trees have established a strong framework and started to bear fruit, little training is required. This finding may be attributed to pruning which is performed in intensive cultural practice. Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga along with citation details? 14 0 obj Collect the infested fruits into a kerosene can with a thin layer of sand at the bottom and destroy the larva/pupa by heat. Show: Recommended. Formation of cankerous spots throughout the fruit surface. Control: Bagging the fruit. Cultural practices and operation times have also been worked out. These trees can be grown up to an altitude of 1500 meters above mean sea level (m.s.l). Required fields are marked *. Seeds should be planted as soon as possible to ensure high germination. Guava Lucknow 49 is more susceptible then Allahabad Safeda. Guava produces solitary white flowers and a berry fruit. Typical sunken soft lesions usually produced by anthracnose can be observed on ripe fruits. A 10 year-old plant yields about 100kg of fruits every year. Stake the field and dig holes at a distance of 5 – 7 meters to accommodate 277 seedlings in a hectare. Aphids (Aphis gosypii Glover) – the pest damage the plant by feeding on young growth causing the curling of leaves. Guava develops best flavour and aroma only when they ripe on tree. >> The fungus produces two kinds of symptoms. Aphids are fed upon by lady beetles and by maggot of syrphid flies. Planting– the planting materials are transplanted into the holes earlier prepared after pruning some of the leaves and removing the plants from the containers. In some areas, however, infected fruits becomes undersized misshaped, hard and dry. The experiment consisted of 8 treatments comprising chemicals (Urea @ 10% and 15% foliar spray, NAA @ 1000 ppm) and cultural practices (pruning at 75 % and 50 % intensity, bending of shoots, withholding of irrigation water) were applied during the course of investigation. �!�0��@�t Control: No control measure has ever been recommended although spray of fungicides can be recommended. Crop Regulation 8. Training and Pruning 10. caused by the parasitic alga, Cepaleuros mycoides Darst., is rather severe on some types and varieties in humid areas. But in case of prolonged dry weather, the orchard should be irrigated every 10 days or as often as maybe necessary. /Filter /FlateDecode A field experiment was conducted at Instrumental Farm, Department of Horticulture, Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Udaipur. The plants start bearing at an early age of 2-3 years but they attain full bearing capacity at the age of 8-10 years. CLASSIFICATION. Botany of Guava 2. /Length 15062 Paseo de Valmayor, Los Banos, Laguna At the start of fruiting, each tree should be given about 300 – 500 g complete fertilizer, preferably one containing more nitrogen and potassium per application. Its actual damage is economically insignificant, however, the ants that it attracts are nuisance when picking the fruits. It is oval in shape, about 2 mm long, foliage green in color with an irregular V-shaped black on its back. The fertilizer will be applied one month after planting and 6 months after or towards the end of the rainy season. ber, guava, lasoda, karonda and custard apple are more suitable with aonla and ber being commercially more viable. Planting Operation 7. specific information regarding guava cultural practices may want to consult HS4, Guava Growing in the Florida Home Landscape (edis.ifas.ufl.edu/mg045), or their local UF/IFAS Extension agent. It attacks and draws plant sap from the young shoots and fruits of guava. CHAPTER–II CULTIVATION PRACTICES OF GUAVA AND THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SAMPLE RESPONDENTS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 The Developmental Initiatives 2.3 The National Scenario 2.4 The International Status of the Guava 2.5 The various Varieties of Guava Cultivation 2.6 The Importance and the Uses of the Guava 2.7 The Common Guava, Per 165 gram of its Individual Fruit … Control: Spraying with a Copper Fungicide. Everything you need to know about guava cultivation and harvest! << Your email address will not be published. Because of their perishable nature, guava as disposed of immediately after harvesting in the local market and a very small quantity is sent to distant markets. Learn about: 1. Irrigation – no irrigation is required when trees are planted during the rainy season. The larvae burrow through the ripe fruits making them unfit for human consumption. The fruit is oval in shape and green to yellow in color. Green Scale Insects (Coccus viridis Green). DOST Complex, Gen. Santos Ave., Bicutan, Taguig City Wilting – caused by Gloremella psidii Sheld is another disease known to attack guava. need to standardize the dose of chemicals and cultural practices for deblossoming of guava Material and Methods water. Land Preparation – plow the area once or two times followed by several harrowings to completely pulverize and expose the soil. In fertile soils, wider spacing is desirable. tall. The treatments were non-cultivation and mulching with green manure and with black polythene, imposed for 3 yrs. Guava cultivation can be a very profitable agribusiness in India. After 20-25 days the flowers grow in abundance in the tree. Pruning – pruning is a must in guava production. vitamin C, were better in guava orchard under intensive cultural practice than less intensive cultural practice. Moth (Zuezera coffeae Nietn). This is done if a certain form is desired like growing the tree with a spreading or symmetrical or limited crown or to keep number of branches. A farmer’s participatory approach was used to popularize the application of pheromone traps in guava field as an IPM treatment. The disease causes mummification and blackening of immature fruits. The yield of a plant depends on its age, cropping pattern and the cultural practices. In the absence of definite information regarding the fertilizer requirements of guava in the Philippines, it is about 100-500 g ammonium sulfate will be applied around the base of each tree twice a year. The plants are aligned with other tree… %PDF-1.5 These are more accurately berries with soft flesh, which may be white, pink, yellow or even red, and … Thus, during the summer season (April-May) the trees fall to relax and leave their leaves. During this time, trees can preserve food in their branches. Generally, older Guava plants can tolerate high temperatures and drought conditions. There is growing need to integrate AESA based IPM and principles of ecological engineering for pest management. How to grow guava Psidium guajava Fruits, flowers and leaves of guava. �Д.P*D�Q���-T@(�PY��vTDYܷB �����3.����8q����ߓlf�~� ��@��I5�G�Y�x�`,��Ic^Z(�����?~RN��[�� Planting – the planting materials are transplanted into the holes earlier prepared after pruning some of the leaves and removing the plants from the containers. Control: Use of entomogenous fungi effective especially during rainy season. Telephone No. Because of its ease of culture, ... improved pruning techniques and cultivation practices which in turn have led to improved yields of quality fruit. Aside from added income it will also prevent the growth of weeds and help cultivate the land in the orchard. The trunk may be branched at the base and the branches droop low to the ground. In fertile soils, wider spacing is desirable. 2.12 The Orchard Cultural Practices. It is best done during the dry season. In nontropical climates, it is a deciduous tree. Anthracnose or Cracker – caused by Gloeasprrium psidii G. Del. The use of trade names in this report does not constitute an endorsement or recommendation by the University of California nor is any criticism implied by omission of other similar products. It also causes dieback of plants. Intercropping – while the guava trees are not yet fully productive, intercropping of short season crops like vegetables, leguminous crops, root crops and other annual crops can be done. Planting . !O�ʡT�F�� Spraying of copper sulphate at 0.2 to 0.4% also increases the growth and yield of guava. PCARRD-DOST More beneficial metabolites for human health such as vitamin E and caryophyllene Use of small wash parasite, Coccophagus tibialis. Propagation 6. To avoid infestation, harvest fruit at the earliest possible time. Orchard Cultural Practices 5. cultural practices to effect habitat manipulation and enhance biological control. CULTURAL MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Nursery Practices Seed germination and care of seedlings – guava seeds should be thoroughly cleaned and air-dried right after extraction from the fruits. Guava Harvesting and Yield. x��} xSU�������M�4MҤm��4�� Control: If discovered early enough, the infested stem may be saved by inserting a coconut leaf midrib into the tunnel and pushing it in as far as it would go to speak and kill the caterpillar inside. 5.14 Harvesting and Yield . Harvesting and Handling 11. Stake the field and dig holes at a distance of 5 – 7 meters to accommodate 277 seedlings in a hectare. The seeds are also healthy, being rich in iodine, vitamins A, E and those of the B complex. E-mail: [email protected], [email protected] Guava, small tropical tree or shrub of the family Myrtaceae, cultivated for its edible fruits. The intensive cultural practice also improved the guava fruit size as compared to the less intensive cultural practice. Common White Mealy Bug (Planococcus lilacinus Ckll). Fertilization – guava trees should be kept healthy through application of fertilizers from the time they are planted until they continue to produce fruits. in order to manage the orchard soil, plowing two times a year, once in October and the other in January, is necessary. Manual weeding is preferable; spraying weedicides such as gramoxone is also effective. Main Assumptions The annual budget and cost of production are based on a one-acre grove. Low night temperatures in winter season ensure the best quality guava fruits. Its pink caterpillar bores into young upright growing stems tunneling the stem center where it feeds and develops; extruding stem may suddenly die or break off at the level of the exit hole. The term is gaining in importance due to the increased controversy over "rights of cultural practice", which are protected in many jurisdictions for indigenous peoples and sometimes ethnic minorities. Varieties. It is best done during the dry season. A step by step guide to organic Guava cultivation, production practices. %���� Irrigation when applied during fruit development can increase production through fruit size. Flowering and Fruiting 9. Business Ideas Philippines. Web: www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph, source: www.pcarrd.dost.gov.ph, photo from drfarrahcancercenter.com, Your email address will not be published. However, high temperature during flowering and … During the rainy season, the blight of shoots is a common symptom. Origin of Guava 3. The best time to plant is at the onset or during the rainy season. Currently research is still being carried out in the search for improved cultivars. It is necessary to treat the seeds with fungicides to prevent damping off. 2.10 The Important Guava Cultivars. Entrepinoys Atbp. 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Layer of sand at the onset or during the rainy season for its edible fruits times by... Enhance biological control 2.pdf Would you like to get the full Thesis from Shodh ganga with! Intercrop should be planted as soon as possible to ensure high germination vitamin C, were better in orchard... Develops best flavour and aroma only when they ripe on tree when they ripe on tree ground above. Base and the cultural practices and operation times have also been worked out anthracnose be! Fresh fruit market exists night temperatures in winter season ensure the best time to plant at... It will also prevent the growth of weeds and help cultivate the land the!