[21] It is situated in a valley, surrounded by mountains. By 1898, it was decided that both Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela, being neighbor cities on the banks of the Choluteca River, would form the capital, but with separate names and separate local governments. Of the major Central American cities, Tegucigalpa's climate is among the most pleasant due to its high altitude. [127] Prior to 1991, the central government held great jurisdiction over the execution of city management across the country, leading to uneven representation and improper distribution of resources and governance. There are 10 private universities in Tegucigalpa: There are also two higher education centers: the Technological University Center (CEUTEC), part of UNITEC; and Guaymura University Center (CUG), founded in 1982. [50] The Dolores Church (1735), the San Miguel Cathedral (1765), the Casa de la Moneda (1780), and the Immaculate Conception Church (1788) were some of the first important buildings constructed. [15], Claimed on 29 September 1578 by the Spaniards,[16] Tegucigalpa became the country's capital on October 30, 1880, under President Marco Aurelio Soto, when he moved the capital from Comayagua. Total K-12 tuition of The American School of Tegucigalpa costs a total of L.1.366 million (US$72,248) for all years (amount based on 10–11 academic year). [59] It still remained relatively small and provincial until the 1970s, when migration from the rural areas began in earnest. The National University of Agriculture (UNA), founded in 1950, also state-funded and located in Catacamas, Olancho, maintains a liaison office in Tegucigalpa. The city consists of gentle hills, and the ring of mountains surrounding the city tends to trap pollution. This place really goes above and beyond. The graphs below show the monthly weather averages over the year. On average, September is the wettest month. [39] Heavily congested roadways where road infrastructure is unable to efficiently handle over 400,000 vehicles create havoc on a daily basis. [93], The Human Development Index (HDI) is the highest in the country measured at 0.759 in 2006. As established by the Law on Police and Social Coexistence (Ley de Policía y Convivencia Social), municipalities can fund their own municipal police (Policía Municipal) and the Central District operates a Municipal Police force of 160 officers. [134] Since the Municipality of Tela is not considered the entire city of Tela, it is not bigger than La Ceiba. [178] Upon realization of the Palmerola airport, international flights to and from Toncontín would continue to operate but would be limited to small aircraft. They are joined by Chinese[98] and Arab immigrants,[99] the latter mostly from Palestine. The Choluteca River, which crosses the city from south to north, physically separates Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela. Tegucigalpa has dry periods in January, February, March and December. [135] It is also the seat of government of the Francisco Morazán department. Since the borders closed on March 15 due to the pandemic, the nation has been restless to once again welcome back tourism after being shut down for over 5 months.Even though Honduras is now open once again for tourism, there are a few things you need to know before you go. Enjoy activities like shopping and treat yourself at great restaurants in Tegucigalpa. Snowy mountains, clear blue lakes and green forests make Banff National Park a wonderful bucket list destination. [80], The heavy rain caused flash floods of Choluteca's tributaries, and the swollen river overflowed its banks, tearing down entire neighborhoods and bridges across the ravaged city. Next stop, your vacation. Tegucigalpa features a more moderate form of a tropical wet and dry climate. Intense webs of electrical and telephone lines above the streets are a common sight in the capital, and in virtually all Honduran cities, since implementation of underground utility lines has only been adopted in recent years. A municipal secretary, also appointed by the mayor, serves as the city clerk in charge of keeping record of all official proceedings. Weather Underground provides local & long-range weather forecasts, weatherreports, maps & tropical weather conditions for the Tegucigalpa area. It is managed by InterAirports, the company hired by the government of Honduras to manage the four airports in the country.[175]. [142], Ten aldermen (regidores) are also members of the Municipal Corporation who along with the mayor execute the duties as described in the Law of Municipalities, including management, budgeting, and local law and ordinance legislation. In 2003, there were a total of 287,517 students enrolled throughout the municipality—28,915 in preschool, 159,679 in elementary school, and 98,923 in middle or high school. Get notified about our newest bucket list destinations and more! It is located on hilly terrain hemmed in by mountains, at an elevation of 3,200 feet (975 metres) above sea level. The … 85.6 percent of the deaths were committed by firearm and 39 percent were linked to organized crime. Tegucigalpa-Danlí highway) rather the number itself since road signage is scarce. The powerful storm made landfall overnight just 15 miles from where Eta devastated the area earlier this month. [63] A portion of Comayagüela was destroyed along with several neighborhoods on both sides of the Honduran capital. However, nearly all governmental institutions are on the Tegucigalpa side, so for all practical purposes Tegucigalpa is the capital. [170] There is no central bus terminal in the city; in turn, there are several bus stations scattered throughout the city, particularly in Comayagüela, and some of these stations are operated directly by the bus company serving from there. On the north coast, it rains year-round, but the wettest months are from September to February. The metropolitan area of both Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela covers a total area of 201 square kilometers (77.6 sq mi) while the entire Municipality of the Central District covers a total area of 1,396 square kilometers (539.1 sq mi). Main image: The Choluteca River in Tegucigalpa, Honduras. The area surrounding the city continues to be open woodland supporting pine forest interspersed with some oak, scrub, and grassy clearings as well as needle leaf evergreen and broadleaf deciduous forest. How sunny is it in Honduras in January? Upon completion four years later, it linked Tegucigalpa with her neighbor city of Comayagüela. [43] The most widely accepted version suggests that it comes from the Nahuatl word Taguz-galpa, which means "hills of silver", but this interpretation is uncertain since the natives who occupied the region at time were unaware of the existence of mineral deposits in the area. During 2004, there were 258 new diagnoses of HIV infection in the Central District. The Central District is not a federal district since it is not an entity outside the departments of Honduras (e.g. Tegucigalpa's economic challenges are tied to those of the rest of the country, such as overcoming crime, anomalies in the judicial system, educational backwardness, and deficient infrastructure in order to continue to encourage foreign investors and permit growth of local entrepreneurs. The size of these businesses is broken down as follows: micro-enterprises (73.2%), small businesses (9.63%), medium-sized businesses (7.47%), large companies (0.28%), and the remainder unreported (9.62%). Like in most Central American cities, orientation and driving may be difficult to first-time visitors due to the nature of how streets are named, insufficient road signage and the natives' driving behavior. TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras — In a small town tucked in the hills outside Tegucigalpa, there is a stuffed gray bunny rabbit that knows a little girl’s secrets. The pristine wilderness is a mecca for walkers. [176] However, in a September 25, 2011 update, President Lobo stated officials were still "evaluating the pros and cons" of constructing the new airport. Belize has an amazing number of beautiful small islands. On average, January is the driest month. Grand Teton National Park dominates the landscape with its amazing rough, snow-capped peaks that suddenly rise out of the heavens. Several of the main boulevards have been equipped with interchanges, overpasses and underpasses, allowing for sections of controlled-access highways, but considering that even the city's beltway does not entirely circle the city, the roads are generally limited-access. International airline pilots flying into Toncontín receive additional training for the Toncontín approach. [108] Honduras has been experiencing record-high violence in recent years. Five belong to the National Party while another two belong to Libertad y Refundación; two aldermen belong to the Liberal Party and the other is from the Anti-Corruption Party. The drug war, though, does provide cover for a new wave of U.S. aggression in Latin America. A lot of rain (rainy season) falls in the months: May, June, September and October. This month should be avoided if you are not a big fan of rain. Most public agencies and state-owned companies are headquartered in the capital as well. The mean minimum and maximum temperatures over the year. This GeoColor satellite image taken Monday, Nov. 2, 2020, at 1 p.m. EDT, and provided by NOAA, shows Hurricane Eta in the Gulf of Mexico approaching the border of Honduras … Tegucigalpa also has a number of International financial institutions, which include BAC Credomatic (formerly Banco Mercantil-BAMER), Citibank, Davivienda, the Inter-American Development Bank (IAB), the World Bank, and the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (BCIE), with its headquarters located in Colonia Miramontes on Boulevard Suyapa. While stunting among children under 5 improved from 30 percent in 2006, the prevalence of ... higher variability in daily temperatures and increased water deficits. [116] There are 32,665 business establishments throughout the capital, the most of any city in the country. The Central District reports the third highest or 20.2 percent of the country's HIV/AIDS incidence with 5,674 living with the virus. 4 theaters, 12 marketplaces, 12 pedestrian bridges, 12 universities, 14 hospitals, 14 museums, 28 supermarkets, 40 movie screens, 64 health centers, 64 signal light-controlled intersections, 87 middle school and high schools, 100 pharmacies, 123 local emergency committees, 170 restaurants, 200 parks or plazas, 200 sports facilities, 400 firemen, 600 volunteer workers, 892 neighborhoods classified as barrios and colonias, 12 hundred physicians, two thousand public transportation vehicles, 12 thousand taxis, 60 thousand unable to read or write, and only 140 thousand with direct access to potable water. [48], Tegucigalpa was founded by Spanish settlers as Real de Minas de San Miguel de Tegucigalpa on September 29, 1578 on the site of an existing native settlement of the Lenca and Tolupans. [64][65], Today, Tegucigalpa continues to sprawl far beyond its former colonial core: towards the east, south and west, creating a large but disorganized metropolis. [110], The Central District has an economy equal to 19.3 percent of country's GDP. On the coast of the Caribbean Sea and inland areas the thermometer shows + 26-28 °C (79-82 °F) and there are a maximum of five rainy days. In 2008, the city operated on an approved budget of 1.555 billion lempiras (US$82,189,029). [121], Manufacturing assembly plants (maquiladoras) were introduced in Honduras in 1976. Taxis are popular for short-distance trips or trips that require a sense of urgency. 161 (COMAYAGÜELA)", "Spanish: History of Tegucigalpa, 1933–1961 period", "Spanish: History of Tegucigalpa, 1975–1998 period", "Spanish: 128 barrios and colonias of the capital in grave risk", "Spanish: Landslides provoked by Hurricane Mitch in Tegucigalpa", "Spanish: Hurricane Mitch devastates Honduras", "Spanish: 130,000 families in risk due to weather in Tegucigalpa", "Spanish: 13 years after Mitch, the prints are still fresh", "Spanish: History of Tegucigalpa, 2010–2011 period", "Spanish: Choluteca River flooded markets and collapsed streams in Tegucigalpa", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Klimatafel von Tegucigalpa (Int. The average sunshine hours per month during the year is 211.2 and the average rainy days per month is 8.9. Honduras, with the only large U.S. Air Force base … When broadly speaking to refer to the capital of the country, it includes Comayagüela and vice versa. The coldest month is January with an average maximum temperature of 25°C (77°F). Another source suggests that Tegucigalpa derives from another language in which it means painted rocks, as explained by Leticia Oyuela in her book Minimum History of Tegucigalpa. TEGUCIGALPA (Reuters) - An agreement to end a four-month political crisis in Honduras collapsed on Friday after two rival leaders failed to form a government of … This article outlined the entry requirements, which nations can visit, and all other key information about traveling to Honduras. ", "Tegucigalpa...and New Orleans have an existing sister city partnership", Bibliography of the history of Tegucigalpa, Rapid Urbanization in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Instituto Universitario en Democracia, Paz y Seguridad, Official Portal of the Government of Honduras, Official Portal of the Government of Tegucigalpa, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tegucigalpa&oldid=991785327#History, Municipalities of the Francisco Morazán Department, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2018, Articles with dead external links from January 2018, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles needing additional references from September 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2004, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2016, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, Articles needing additional references from December 2019, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tegucigalpa, Municipio del Distrito Central, Real Villa de San Miguel de Tegucigalpa y Heredia, Real de Minas de San Miguel de Tegucigalpa. [102], As with the rest of Honduras, Roman Catholicism is the dominating religion in the Central District and while at some point they made up as much as 95 percent of the population, contemporary estimates as recent as 2007 put them at 47 percent while Protestants make up as much as 36 percent. Mitch destroyed part of the Comayagüela section of the city, as well as other places along the banks of the Choluteca River. ^[c] Central District refers to the entire municipality containing both Tegucigalpa and Comayagüela. "CA-" highways are part of the Central American highway network (hence the "CA" letters) that interconnects Honduras with its neighboring countries as part of the Pan-American Highway. • Hottest months: April, May, March, June (average 74°F) • Coldest months: January, February, December, March (average 70°F) • Rainiest months: March, October, November, and … In 1946, missionaries of the Southern Baptist Convention first arrived in Tegucigalpa and in the 1950s, the National Convention of Baptist Churches and the Eastern Mennonite Board of Missions followed. And zinc are still mined in the city this time floods can occur impeding... Plaza San Martín Hotel District debris flowed into the River burst its banks south daytime temperatures reach. For 53 deals across 24 hotels, starting at GBP 7 per night magical. 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