Join us for a timely talk by Keith Tomlinson, Manager of Meadowlark Botanical Gardens, on the topic of The Role of Botanical Gardens in Conservation of Plant Diversity Regionally, … In other parts of the world, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon are considered to be the most ancient wonders. The Mount Lofty Botanic Garden, located near Adelaide, Australia, is one of many gardens around the world to host the endangered Amorphophallus titanium, which only blooms every few years and is known for its smell of rotting flesh. What are the general characters of bryophytes? 02 BGCI • 2015 • BGjournal • Vol 12.2 BGjournal is published by Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI). The main function of a botanical garden is to allow an audience to see and learn about plants. Due to their richness in plant diversity and also their facilities, botanical gardens can have remarkable roles in agricultural studies and plant sciences. Botanical gardens supply wide range of plant species, seeds, flowers, fruits for botanical research. They are of value not only to the botanists, horticulturists and foresters but also to the millions of tourists. This garden mostly includes the plants that were collected by the East India Company. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. (d) Bologna Botanical Garden established at Bologna, Italy in 1568 with Ulisse Aldrovandi (1567-1605) as its first director. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? (b) The unique and diversified collections of living plants provide basis for research and modern taxonomic studies on morphology, ecology, genetics, systematics and evolution. (e) The various facilities of glass-houses, green houses, etc. In conclusion, the botanical garden play an important role as the ex situ conservation for plant and also in situ conservation site. Just like Kew, all modern botanic gardens have a role in plant science, conservation and inspiring the public to appreciate the vital role of plants and fungi to life on Earth. Luca Ghini was the first person to establish a botanical garden on scientific lines in 1543 at Pisa in Italy. (e) Botanical Garden of Groningen, Netherlands established in 1642. They act as “outdoor laboratories” for students and researchers. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Gratzfeld, J. Botanical gardens represent both an artificial and natural space for the directed interaction of man with nature. There are even sections dedicated to medicinal plants, cactuses and carnivorous plants which are very interesting from the didactic point of view. There educational programmes include workshops, training sessions for teachers, students, naturalists etc. However, as multifaceted organisations, all sites have their own special interests. Answer Now and help others. We can see the name of the plants, both the scientific and the vernacular names in local languages. The Romans maintained gardens as sources of medicine and even the Chinese, Persians and Aztecs had shown interest in gardens, which grew plants with beautiful flowers and those, which yielded perfumes. Guardianship of plant germplasm is the gardens' biggest responsibility, says Sara Oldfield, BGCI's secretary general and author of Botanic Gardens: Modern-Day Arks (2010, MIT Press). This garden now has three different green houses, two of which houses tropical plants, especially ferns, Orchideaceae, Bromeiiaceae and trees of nutritional interest, while the third houses a collection of succulents. Some of the major plants of this garden include Cedrus deodora, Ginkgo biloba, Mesembryanthemum, Platanus orientalis, Robinia preudoacacia, etc. Thus, botanic gardens contain collections of plants for education, scientific purposes and display. What are the general characters of bryophytes? (e) Leiden Botanical Garden, which was established in 1587 at Leiden, Netherlands. Botanical Gardens devote their resources to the study and conservation of plants, as well as making the world's plant species diversity known to the public. and the role of botanic gardens. Botanical gardens are ideally situated to bring the fascinating story of American agriculture to the public -- a critical need given the lack of exposure to agricultural environments for most Americans today and the great challenges that lie ahead in successfully feeding our growing populations. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Currently, botanical gardens have a limited role outside the garden with specific partnerships. A 2015 study by… Many are responsible for commercial utilization and expansion of many valuable plants such as tea, rubber, coffee, cotton, teak, cinchona, hemp, vanilla, etc., which are natives of one place and have been introduced in other countries.