The author names himself as "John", but modern scholars consider it unlikely that the author of Revelation also wrote the Gospel of John. John’s book, however, shows him working not only through the Holy Spirit but also and more directly through inspiration to the church leaders whom he symbolically lovingly cups in his hands. the Book of Revelation; it was a sealed book to him. AD 160-225). Revelation of Jesus Christ: Commentary on the Book of Revelation, 2nd Edition. For he doesn’t call himself the disciple whom the Lord loved—as happens often in the Gospel—nor does he say that he was the one who leaned on Jesus’ breast or that he was the brother of James, who both saw and heard the Lord. Therefore, John was exiled to Patmos during Domitian’s reign. Please enable cookies on your browser and try again. Notice that John said the book was written to show God’s servants the things that would shortly take place (Revelation 1:1). It is the only biblical book that is wholly composed of apocalyptic literature. Irenaeus says that Revelation was written at the end of Domitian’s reign. Please enable JavaScript on your browser and try again. Victorinus (late third century), author of the earliest commentary on the book of Revelation, wrote: When John said these things, he was in the island of Patmos, condemned to the mines by Caesar Domitian. If so, John penned much of the New Testament, with only Paul and Luke writing more than him. The Apostle John is the author of the Book of Revelation. New York: Oxford University Press. This process is automatic. Among such offenses were the practices of magic and astrology. The testimony of the early church fathers strongly supports the view that John is considered to have been exiled to Patmos during a time of persecution under the Roman rule of Domitian in the late 1st century. Apostle John was also known as St John the Immortal, John the Beloved, John of Zebedee, John the Revelator, John the Divine, and John the Theologian. John was like a coach at halftime, if that coach was talking about forcing the opposing team to drink from a river of blood. This tradition is credible because banishment was a common punishment used during the Imperial period for a number of offenses. [14], "John the Divine" and "John the Revelator" redirect here. 1:1; 1:4). [1][2], Since the Roman era, Christians and historians have considered the Book of Revelation's writer to be the Apostle John (John the Evangelist), author of the Gospel of John. "Patmos" [In] Paul J. Achtemeier [Ed.]. The first verse in the Book of Revelation does not say exactly who that particular John is, but it is naturally assumed to be John the apostle since it was the apostles that were given the authority by God to write Scripture. John's anger has traditionally been … AD 100-165), Irenaeus (ca. He addressed his work to seven Asian churches—Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea. In Revelation, John records that he was exiled on the island of Patmos (Rev. Apart from the Book of Revelation, John has written other Bible books which are; John (the gospel), 1 john, 2 john and 3 john. No mention of future destruction of Jerusalem, which for Full-Preterists is odd, since John writes the entire book of Revelation about it and the topic would be front and center on his mind that is only 2-4 year away. [5] The early-2nd-century writer, Justin Martyr, was the first to equate the author of Revelation with John the Evangelist. Revelation 1:9 states: "I, John, both your brother and companion in tribulation...was on the island that is called Patmos for the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus Christ." The only other clue to the author’s identity is that he states he received his visions while on the island of Patmos (Rev. Three of the islands in the Sporades were places where political offenders were banished. The apostle John wrote the book of Revelation around the year AD 95 from his exile on the island of Patmos. AD 170-236), Origen (ca. Great pageantry and glory are described with vivid symbols. 1:9). The service requires full JavaScript support in order to view this website. Finally, while there is little to commend the notion that a shadowy figure named John the Elder wrote the book of Revelation, there is ample evidence that it was written by John the apostle. Prophecy with political implications, like that expressed by John in the Book of Revelation, would have been perceived as a threat to Roman political power and order. 2. John of Patmos (also called John the Revelator, John the Divine, John the Theologian, and possibly John the Apostle; Greek: Ἰωάννης ὁ Θεολόγος; Coptic: ⲓⲱⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ) could be the author named as John in the Book of Revelation, the apocalyptic text forming the final book of the New Testament. crossexamined.org is using a security service for protection against online attacks. The service requires full cookie support in order to view this website. The name Revelation comes from the first word of the book in Koine Greek: ἀποκάλυψις (apokalypsis), which means "unveiling" or "revelation". However, a minority of senior clerics and scholars, such as Eusebius (d. 339/340), recognize at least one further John as a companion of Jesus Christ, John the Presbyter "after an interval, placing him among others outside of the number of the apostles". The Book of Revelation, also called Revelation to John or Apocalypse of John, (literally, apocalypse of John; is the last canonical book of the New Testament in the Bible. The book of Revelation was written by the apostle John (Revelation 1:1, 4, 9; 22:8). The revelation of the Lord in chapter one also teaches us much about the nature and qualifications of the one who heads the church and drives history. (1985). Cross, F. L., ed. [5] Traditionally, this was often believed to be the same person as John, son of Zebedee, one of the apostles of Jesus, to whom the Gospel of John was also attributed. For other uses of John the Divine, see, "Revelation, Book of." The Book of Revelation certainly contains some vivid and disturbing imagery and many have called it an angry text. Revelation to John, also called Book of Revelation or Apocalypse of John, abbreviation Revelation, last book of the New Testament.It is the only book of the New Testament classified as apocalyptic literature rather than didactic or historical, indicating thereby its extensive use of visions, symbols, and allegory, especially in connection with future events. [6] Other early Christian writers, however, such as Dionysius of Alexandria and Eusebius of Caesarea, noting the differences in language and theological outlook between this work and the Gospel,[7] discounted this possibility, and argued for the exclusion of the Book of Revelation from the canon as a result. John of Patmos (also called John the Revelator, John the Divine, John the Theologian, and possibly John the Apostle; Greek: Ἰωάννης ὁ Θεολόγος; Coptic: ⲓⲱⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ) could be the author named as John in the Book of Revelation, the apocalyptic text forming the final book of the New Testament. Gustav Dore’s “John of Patmos” 2. Who Wrote the Book of Revelation – What Most People Believe. John, who was exiled on the Island of Patmos by the Romans for his testimony about Jesus Christ and nearing the end of his life, wrote the book in approximately A.D. 95-96. So attested is the book of Revelation by early and later church fathers that those who deny it suppose the early church fathers were simply ignorant of the true origins of the book … Prophecy was viewed by the Romans as belonging to the same category, whether Pagan, Jewish, or Christian. Many major entities and symbols in the book of Revelation are introduced earlier in the Bible: Jehovah —“the true God in the heavens” and Creator of all things. 1:9). Tradition has considered this person to be John the Apostle, the son of Zebedee. The author of the book of Revelation calls himself John (Rev. He wrote it when he was about 92 years old, while a prisoner of Rome on the remote desert penal colony of Patmos, an island in the Aegean Sea. The one who wrote these things [i.e., the book of Revelation] calls himself John, and we should believe him. (1985), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_of_Patmos&oldid=990954753, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 13:37. 1 This is the revelation of Jesus Christ, ... 15 And if anyone was found whose name was not written in the book of life, he was thrown into the lake of fire. This affirmation is attested by Justin Martyr (ca. That is the internal evidence of the book and the external testimony of early church fathers. So the author of Revelation, known only as John, wrote a book about how Jesus was totally going to return and annihilate those Romans. AD 150-215), Hippolytus (ca. But it is not clear which John he was. 1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, a for the first heaven and earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. He was writing an anti-Roman propaganda slash rousing motivational tract. B. The text of Revelation states that John was on Patmos, a Greek island where, by most biblical historians, he is considered to have been exiled as a result of anti-Christian persecution under the Roman emperor Domitian. The mainstream view is that John of Patmos is in fact John the Apostle. The very fact that the author of the apocalypse simply calls himself John is a dead giveaway that he was well known throughout the churches in Asia Minor. We thus have two good possibilities for when the book of Revelation was written. (Pliny, Natural History 4.69–70; Tacitus, Annals 4.30)[13], According to Tertullian (in The Prescription of Heretics) John was banished after being plunged into boiling oil in Rome and suffering nothing from it. AD 185-254), and Tertullian (ca. The Book of Revelation is the last book he wrote around 96 AD. The New Testament books of John, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John and Revelation are sometimes called the Johannine literature and are traditionally assigned to John the son of Zebedee, one of the twelve disciples of Jesus. [3][4], The author of the Book of Revelation identifies himself only as "John". Save. The Book of Revelation written on Patmos: The Island of Patmos has been celebrated for almost the last 2,000 years as the place where the Divine and God-inspired Book of Revelation was written by Saint John, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ. Footnotes: 9 a BYZ and TR include from God Revelation 21 Revelation 21: Par A New Heaven and a New Earth. Revelation of … 1. crossexamined.org is using a security service for protection against online attacks. There we find the approach John’s book takes and the general time period into which each element of the vision fits. Patmos was a quarry mine for the Roman Empire, and was home to many political and religious prisoners or slaves. Some Christian scholars since medieval times separate the disciple(s) from Revelation's writer, John of Patmos/the Divine. Yes, Revelation is PHYSICALLY the last book in the Holy Bible, but not the last book written in the Bible. Written To The book of Revelation is addressed to believers, “his servants,” of the churches in … How John Wrote the Book of Revelation: From Concept to Publication: Lewis, Kim Mark: 9781943325009: Books - Amazon.ca As has been related in the footnotes earlier, Church history unanimously ascribes the book of Revelation to John the apostle. Adela Yarbro Collins, a biblical scholar at Yale Divinity School, writes: Early tradition says that John was banished to Patmos by the Roman authorities. The book of Revelation is traditionally said to be written by John. The text of Revelation states that John was on Patmos, a Greek island where, by most biblical historians, he is considered to have been exiled as a result of anti-Christian persecution under the Roman emperor Domitian. Second, the use of symbols gives a greater illustration. The use of symbols limits that revelation to only God’s servants. —Revelation 1:1. Things too great and marvelous to understand are compared to familiar ideas. The Book of Revelation had to be written either in the time of Nero [AD 54-68] or in the last part of Domitian's reign [AD 91-96]. John was the youngest disciple of the twelve disciples of Jesus who became an apostle of the church. The Muratorian Fragment, an early document listing most of the books belonging to the New Testament, states that the apostle John wrote the Apocalypse or Revelation. Author: Tradition has long held that John the apostle, whom we have seen penned the Fourth Gospel and the three letters attributed to him, wrote the last book of Scripture. —Deuteronomy 4: 39; Psalm 103:19; Revelation 4: 11; 15:3. Jesus Christ —“the Lamb of God.” —John 1: 29; Revelation 5:6; 14:1. We know Jesus was about 33 1/2 years old when He was crucified in AD 30. [8] The early Christian writer Papias appeared in his writings to distinguish between John the Evangelist and John the Elder,[9] and many biblical scholars now contend that the latter was the author of Revelation.[10][11][12]. Internal Evidence #2: John 21:20-23 proves the gospel of John was written long after AD 70. Traditionally, the book of Revelation has been dated near the end of the first century, around A.D. 96. Not because John or the angel sealed it, although it is the most difficult book in the Bible, being all in symbols. 2005, Adela Collins. He was a Jewish Christian prophet, probably belonging to a group of such prophets, and was accepted by the congregations to whom he addresses his letter. The Oxford dictionary of the Christian church. 3. This tradition is attested to by Irenaeus (Against Heresies, V, 30) and Eusebius (Church History, IV). crossexamined.org is using a security service for protection against online attacks. Joseph Smith said, “The book of Revelation is one of the plainest books God ever caused to be written.” ... an entire section of the Doctrine and Covenants devoted to the Revelation of John. AD 130-200), Clement of Alexandria (ca. Some writers, however, have advanced the preterist (from a Latin word meaning “that which is past”) view, contending that the Apocalypse was penned around A.D. 68 or 69, and thus the thrust of the book is supposed to relate to the impending destruction of Jerusalem (A.D. 70). Was exiled on the island of Patmos ( Rev the last book he wrote around 96.... 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